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Introduction Gravity Casting, High Pressure Casting and Low Pressure Casting Process?

  • October 11, 2021
What is Gravity Casting:

Gravity casting refers to the process of injecting molten metal into a mold under the action of the earth's gravity, also known as casting. The generalized gravity casting includes sand casting, metal casting, investment casting, lost foam casting, mud casting, etc. The narrow gravity casting refers specifically to metal casting. The molten metal is generally poured into the gate manually, and the product is obtained by filling the cavity, exhausting, cooling, and opening the mold by its own weight. The process flow is: smelting, casting filling, exhaust, cooling, mold opening, heat treatment, and metal processing.

Die casting introduction:

Pressure casting is divided into two types: high pressure casting and low pressure casting.

High pressure casting is a casting method in which molten alloy liquid is poured into a press chamber, the cavity of a steel mold is filled at high speed, and the alloy liquid is solidified under pressure to form a casting. The main characteristics of high pressure die casting that distinguish it from other casting methods are high pressure and high speed.

①The molten metal fills the cavity under pressure, and crystallizes and solidifies under higher pressure, the common pressure is 15-100MPa.

②The molten metal fills the cavity at a high speed, usually 10-50 m/s, and some can exceed 80 m/s, (the linear velocity of the cavity through the inner gate-the inner gate speed), so the molten metal The filling time is extremely short, and the cavity can be filled within about 0.01-0.2 seconds (depending on the size of the casting).


The process of low-pressure casting is as follows: in a sealed crucible (or sealed tank), dry compressed air is introduced, and under the action of gas pressure, the molten metal enters the sprue along the riser pipe and rises smoothly through the inner runner. Enter the cavity and maintain the gas pressure on the liquid surface in the crucible. Until the casting is completely solidified. Then the gas pressure on the liquid surface is released, and the unsolidified molten metal in the riser pipe flows back to the crucible. Reopen the mold and take out the casting.

It can also be said that low-pressure casting is a compromise between high-pressure casting and gravity casting. - https://www.desuautomatic.com/

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